Glossary of Shipping Terms

- A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

D.O.T.U.S.
Department of Transportation. The executive branch department that coordinates and oversees transportation functions in the United States.

DA
difference of longitude (time units).

D
declination (astronomical); altitude difference.

D
declination change in 1 hour.

D
deviation; dip (of horizon); distance; destroyed.

D&H
Abbreviation for “Dangerous and Hazardous” cargo.

D. LAT.
difference of latitude.

D.B.A.
Abbreviation for “Doing Business As.” A legal term for conducting business under a registered name.

DAF
(Delivered At Frontier) (...Named Place): A Term of Sale which means the sell­ers fulfill their obligation to deliver when the goods have been made available, cleared for export, at the named point and placed at the frontier, but before the customs Terms of Sale border of the adjoining country.

DANGEROUS GOODS COMMODITIES
classified by IATA according to its nature and characteristic in terms of the effect of its danger to carrier’s flying safety.

DC
direct current.

DDC
Abbreviation for “Destination Delivery Charge.” A charge, based on container size that is applied in many tariffs to cargo. This charge is considered accessorial and is added to the base ocean freight. This charge covers crane lifts off the vessel, drayage of the container within the terminal and gate fees at the terminal operation.

DDP
Deliver Duty Paid.

DDU
(Delivered Duty Unpaid) (...Named Port of Destination): A Term of Sale where the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when the goods have been made available at the named place in the country of importation. The seller has to bear the costs and risks involved in bringing the goods thereto (excluding duties, taxes and other official charges payable upon importation) as well as the costs and risks of carrying out customs formali­ties. The buyer has to pay any additional costs and to bear any risks caused by failure to clear the goods for in time.

DDU
Deliver Duty Unpaid.

DEADHEAD
One leg of a move without a paying cargo load. Usually refers to repositioning an empty piece of equipment

DEADWEIGHT CARGO
a long ton of cargo that can be stowed in less than 40 cubic feet.

DEADWEIGHT TONNAGE (DWT)
The number of tons of 2,240 pounds that a vessel can transport of cargo, stores and bunker fuel. It is the difference between the number of tons of water a vessel displaces “light” and the number of tons it displaces when submerged to the “load line.” An approximate conversion ratio is 1NT = 1.7GT and 1GT = 1.5DWT.

DEC.
declination.

DEC. INC.
declination increment.

DECONSOLIDATION POINT PLACE
where loose or other non–containerized cargo is ungrouped for delivery.

DEFERRED PAYMENT
a letter of credit issued for the purchase and financing of merchan­dise, similar to acceptance–type letter of credit, except that it requires presentation of sight drafts payable on an installment basis.

DEFICIT WEIGHT
The weight by which a shipment is less than the minimum weight.37

DEG.
degree(s).

DELIVERY INSTRUCTIONS
Order to pick up goods at a named place and deliver them to a pier. Usually issued by exporter to trucker but may apply to a railroad, which completes delivery by land. Use is limited to a few major U.S. ports. Also known as shipping delivery order.

DEMDES
Demurrage/Despatch money. (Under vessel chartering terms, the amount to be paid if the ship is loading/discharging slower/faster than foreseen.)

DEMURRAGE
A penalty charge against shippers or consignees for delaying the carrier’s equipment or vessel beyond the allowed free time. The free time and demurrage charges are set forth in the charter party or freight tariff. See also Detention and Per Diem.

DENSITY
The weight of cargo per cubic foot or other unit.

DEP.
departure.

DEPOT,
Container Container freight station or a designated area where empty containers can be picked up or dropped off.

DESPATCH
an incentive payment paid by the vessel to the charterer for loading and unloading the cargo faster than agreed. Usually negotiated only in charter parties. Also called “dispatch.”

DESTINATION CONTROL STATEMENTS
Various statements that the U.S. government requires to be displayed on export shipments. The state­ments specify the authorized destinations.

DESTINATION–
The place to which a shipment is consigned. – The place where carrier actually turns over cargo to consignee or his agent.

DESTR
destroyed.

DET NORSKE VERITAS
a Norwegian classification society which certifies seagoing vessels for compliance to standardized rules regarding construction and maintenance.38

DETENTION
a penalty charge against shippers or consignees for delaying carrier’s equipment beyond allowed time. Demurrage applies to cargo; detention applies to equipment. See Per Diem.

DEV.
deviation.

DEVANNING
The unloading of a container or cargo van.

DF CAR DAMAGE
Free Car. Boxcars equipped with special bracing material.

DG
degaussing.

DGPS
differential global positioning system.

DHQ
mean diurnal high water inequality.

DIA
diaphone.

DIFF.
difference.

DIFFERENTIAL
an amount added or deducted from base rate to make a rate to or from some other point or via an­other route.

DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT CARRIER
charge for freight based on the dimensional weight or actual gross weight whichever is higher.

DIRECT SHIP
Ship without consolidation and under one MAWB i.e. non-consolidation.

DISCREPANCY
Letter of Credit when documents presented do not conform to the requirements of the letter of credit (L/C), it is referred to as a “discrepancy.” Banks will not process L/C’s which have discrepancies. They will refer the situation back to the buyer and/or seller and await further instructions.

DISPATCH
See Despatch.

DISPLACEMENT
The weight, in tons of 2,240 pounds, of the vessel and its contents. Calculated by dividing the volume of water displaced in cubic feet by 35, the average density of sea water.

DIST.
distance.

DIVERSION
a change made either in the route of a shipment in transit (see Reconsignment) or of the entire ship.

DIVISION CARRIERS’
Division Carriers’ practice of dividing revenue received from rates where joint hauls are involved. This is usu­ally according to agreed formulae.39

DLO
difference of longitude (arc units).

DLQ
mean diurnal low water inequality.

DM
decimeters.

DMAHTC
Defense Mapping Agency Hydrographic/ Topographic Center

DNC
digital navigation chart.

DOCK
– For ships, a cargo handling area parallel to the shoreline where a vessel normally ties up.– For land transportation, a loading or unloading platform at an industrial location or carrier terminal.

DOCK RECEIPT
A form used to acknowledge receipt of cargo and often serves as basis for preparation of the ocean bill of lading.

DOCKAGE
Refers to the charge assessed against the vessel for berthing at the facility or for morring to a vessel so berthed.

DOCKET
Present a rate proposal to a conference meeting for adoption as a conference group rate.

DOCUMENTS AGAINST PAYMENT (D/P)
an indication on a draft that the documents attached are to be released to the drawee only on pay­ment.

DOL
dolphin

DOLLY
a set of wheels that support the front of a container; used when the automotive unit is discon­nected.

DOCUMENTS AGAINST ACCEPTANCE (D/A)
Instructions given by a shipper to a bank indicating that documents transferring title to goods should be delivered to the buyer only upon the buyer’s acceptance of the attached draft.

DOMESTIC B/L
Non–negotiable B/L primarily containing routing details; usually used by truckers and freight forwarders.

DOOR–TO–DOOR
Through transportation of a container and its contents from consignor to consignee. Also known as House to House. Not necessarily a through rate.

DR
dead reckoning; dead reckoning position.

DRAFT–
The number of feet that the hull of a ship is beneath the surface of the water.– An unconditional order in writing, addressed by one party (drawer) to another party (drawee), requiring the drawee to pay at a fixed or determinable future date a specified sum in lawful currency to the order of a specified person.

DRAFT,
Bank an order issued by a seller against a purchaser; directs payment, usually through an intermediary bank. Typical bank drafts are negotiable instruments and are similar in many ways to checks on checking accounts in a bank.

DRAFT,
Clean a draft to which no documents are attached.

DRAFT,
Date a draft that matures on a fixed date, regardless of the time of acceptance.

DRAFT,
Discounted a time draft under a letter of credit that has been accepted and purchased by a bank at a discount.

DRAFT,
Sight a draft payable on demand upon presentation.

DRAFT,
Time a draft that matures at a fixed or determinable time after presentation or acceptance.

DRAWBACK
a partial refund of an import fee. Refund usually results because goods are re–exported from the country that collected the fee.

DRAWBACK
a rebate by a government, in whole or in part, of customs duties assessed on imported merchandise that is subsequently exported. Drawback regulations and procedures vary among countries.

DRAWEE
The individual or firm that issues a draft and thus stands to receive payment.

DRAYAGE CHARGE
made for local hauling by dray or truck. Same as Cartage.

DRE
dead reckoning equipment.

DRFS
Abbreviation for “Destination Rail Freight Station.” Same as CFS at destination, except a DRFS is operated by the rail carrier participating in the shipment.

DRM
direction of relative movement.

DRT
dead reckoning tracer.

DRY CARGO
Cargo that is not liquid and normally does not require temperature control.

DRY–BULK CONTAINER
a container constructed to carry grain, powder and other free–flowing solids in bulk. Used in con­junction with a tilt chassis or platform.

DS
dip short of horizon.

DSC
digital selective calling.

DSD
double second difference.

DSUD
elay in Startup Insurance is a policy to protect the seller of a construction project from penalties if the project is not completed on time. See “Liquidated Damages.”

DSVL
doppler sonar velocity log.

DUMPING ATTEMPTING
to import merchandise into a country at a price less than the fair market value, usually through subsidy by exporting country.

DUNNAGE
Any material or objects utilized to protect cargo. Examples of dunnage are blocks, boards, burlap and paper.

DUPLICATE
Another original Bill of Lading set if first set is lost. Also known as reis­sued B/L.

DUR.
duration.

DUTIABLE VALUE
The amount on which an Ad Valorem or customs duty is calculated.

DUTY
A tax imposed on imports by the customs authority of a country. Duties are generally based on the value of the goods, some other factors such as weight or quantity (specific duties), or a combination of value and other factors (compound duties).

DW
Deep Water Route.

DWT
See Deadweight Tonnage.

DZ
danger zone.