Glossary of Shipping Terms

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PORT OF LOADING
Port of Discharge Port where cargo is discharged from means of transport.

P
atmospheric pressure; parallax; planet; pole; pillar.

P
departure; polar distance.

P
in A parallax in altitude.

P
per steering compass.

P&I
P&I Abbreviation for “Protection and Indemnity,” an insurance term.

PA
position approximate.

PACKING LIST
A shipping document issued by shipper to carrier, Customs and consignee serving the purposes of identifying detail information of package count, products count, measurement of each package, weight of each package, etc.

PACKING LIST
Itemized list of commodities with marks/numbers but no cost values indicated.

PADAG
Abbreviation for “Please Authorize Delivery Against Guarantee.” A request from the consignee to the shipper to allow the carrier or agent to release cargo against a guarantee, either bank or personal. Made when the consignee is unable to produce original bills of lading.

PAIRED PORTS A U.S.
Customs program wherein at least two designated Customs ports will enter cargo that arrives at either port without the necessity of an in–bound document.

PALLET
Pallet a platform with or without sides, on which a number of packages or pieces may be loaded to facilitate handling by a lift truck.

PANAMAX TANKER
a liquid cargo vessel of 50,000 to 70,000dwt.

PANAMAX VESSEL
The largest size vessel that can traverse the Panama Canal. Current maximum dimensions are: Length 294.1 meters (965 feet); width 32.3 meters (106 feet); draft 12.0 meters (39.5 feet) in tropical fresh water; height 57.91 meters (190 feet) above the water.

PAPER RAMP
a technical rail ramp, used for equalization of points not actually served.

PAPER RATE
a published rate that is never assessed because no freight moves under it.

PARCEL RECEIPT
an arrangement whereby a steamship company, under rules and regulations established in the freight tariff of a given trade, accepts small packages at rates below the minimum bill of lading, and issues a parcel receipt instead of a bill of lading.

PARTIAL SHIPMENTS
Under letters of credit, one or more shipments are allowed by the phrase “partial shipments permit­ted.”

PARTICULAR AVERAGE
See Insurance, Particular Average.

PAYEE
a party named in an instrument as the beneficiary of the funds. Under letters of credit, the payee is either the drawer of the draft or a bank.

PAYER
a party responsible for the payment as evidenced by the given instrument. Under letters of credit, the payer is the party on whom the draft is drawn, usually the drawee bank.

PC
personal correction; personal computer.

PCA
polar cap absorption.

PCD
polar cap disturbance.

PCP
potential point of collision.

PD
position doubtful.

PER DIEM
a charge, based on a fixed daily rate.

PERILS
Perils of the Sea Those causes of loss for which the carrier is not legally liable. The elemental risks of ocean trans­port.

PGC
per gyrocompass.

PHYTOSANITARY INSPECTION CERTIFICATE
Phytosanitary Inspection Certificate a certificate issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to satisfy import regulations of foreign countries; indicates that a U.S. shipment has been inspected and found free from harmful pests and plant diseases.

PICKUP
The act of calling for freight by truck at the consignor’s shipping platform.

PIER
The structure perpendicular to the shoreline to which a vessel is secured for the purpose of loading and unloading cargo.

PIER–TO–HOUSE
a shipment loaded into a container at the pier or terminal, thence to the consignee’s facility.

PIER–TO–PIER CONTAINERS
loaded at port of loading and discharged at port of destination.

PIGGY PACKER
a mobile container–handling crane used to load/unload containers to/from railcars.

PIGGYBACK
a transportation arrangement in which truck trailers with their loads are moved by train to a destina­tion. Also known as Rail Pigs.

PLACE OF DELIVERY
Place where cargo leaves the care and custody of carrier.

PLACE OF RECEIPT
Location where cargo enters the care and custody of carrier.

PLIMSOLL
a series of horizontal lines, corresponding to the seasons of the year and fresh or saltwater, painted on the outside of a ship marking the level which must remain above the surface of the water for the vessel’s stability.

PM
post meridian (after noon).

PM
pulse modulation.

PN
north pole; north celestial pole.

POD
Abbreviation for: – Port of Discharge. – Port of Destination. – Proof of Delivery. A document required from the carrier or driver for proper payment.

POD
Proof Of Delivery, or a cargo/package receipt with the signature of recipient. This term has been widely used in courier and express industry and also gaining more attention and implementation at air cargo industry..

POINT
The place at which a shipment is received by a carrier from the shipper.

POL
Abbreviation for: – Port of Loading.

POMERENE ACT
Also known as (U.S.) Federal Bill of Lading Act of 1916.U.S. federal law enacting conditions by which a B/L may be issued. Penalties for issuing B/L’s contain­ing false data include monetary fines and/or imprisonment.

PORT FACILITY SECURITY
Officer is the person designated as responsible for the development, implementation, revision and mainte­nance of the port facility security plan and for liaison with the ship security officers and company security officers.

PORT PLAN
a plan developed to ensure the application of measures designed to protect persons on board, cargo, cargo transport units and ship’s stores within the port facility from the risks of a security incident.

PORT– HARBOR
with piers or docks.– Left side of a ship when facing forward.– Opening in a ship’s side for handling freight.

PORT OF CALL
Port where a ship discharges or receives traffic.

PORT OF ENTRY
Port where cargo is unloaded and enters a country.

PORT OF EXIT
Place where cargo is loaded and leaves a country.

PORT SECURITY GRANT PROGRAM (PSGP)
as a result of the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2005, fiscal year grant funding is provided annually to the Nation’s most at–risk seaports for physical security enhancements to be used in the protection of critical port infrastructure from terrorism. PSGP funds help ports enhance their risk management capabilities, domain awareness, training and exercises, and capabilities to prevent, detect, respond to, and recover from attacks involving improvised explosive devices and other non–conventional weapons.

PPC
predicted propagation correction.

PPDB
point positioning data base.

PPI
plan position indicator.

PPI
Principal Party of Interest (see USPPI and FPPI).

PORT SECURITY
it is the defense, law and treaty enforcement, and counterterrorism activities that fall within the port and maritime domain. It includes the protection of the seaports themselves, the protection and in­spection of the cargo moving through the ports, and maritime security.

PRATIQUE CERTIFICATE LIFTS
temporary quarantine of a vessel; granted pratique by Health Officer.

PRE–COOLING
a process employed in the shipment of citrus fruits and other perishable commodities. The fruit is packed and placed in a cold room from which the heat is gradually extracted. The boxes of fruit are packed in containers that have been thoroughly cooled and transported through to destination with­out opening the doors.

PREPAID (PPD.)
Freight charges paid by the consignor (shipper) prior to the release of the bills of lading by the car­rier.

PRF
pulse repetition frequency.

PRIV
private; privately.

PRO FORMA
a Latin term meaning “For the sake of form.”

PRO FORMA INVOICE
An invoice provided by a supplier prior to the shipment of merchandise, informing the buyer of the kinds and quantities of goods to be sent, their value, and important specifications (weight, size, and similar characteristics). When an importer applies for Letter of Credit as the means of payment, a Pro Forma Invoice from the beneficiary of such Letter of Credit, usually the exporter, is required by the L/C issuing bank.

PRO FORMA INVOICE
an invoice provided by a supplier prior to the shipment of merchandise, informing the buyer of the kinds and quantities of goods to be sent, their value, and specifications (weight, size, etc.).

PRO RATA
a Latin term meaning “In proportion.”

PRODUCT TANKER
a liquid cargo vessel of 10,000 to 60,000dwt. Also referred to as a Handymax Tanker. Often built with many segregated cargo tanks and thus sometimes called a “drugstore tanker.”

PROHIB
prohibited.

PROJECT RATE
Single tariff item, established to move multiple commodities needed for a specified project, usually construction.

PRR
pulse repetition rate.

PS
south pole; south celestial pole.

PSC
per standard compass.

PUB.
publication.

PUBLIC SERVICE
Commission a name usually given to a State body having control or regulation of public utilities.

PUBLISHING AGENT
Person authorized by transportation lines to publish tariffs or rates, rules, and regulations for their account.

PULP TEMPERATURE
Procedure where carrier tests the temperature of the internal flesh of refrigerated commodities to as­sure that the temperature at time of shipment conforms to prescribed temperature ranges.

PUP
Pup a short semi–trailer used jointly with a dolly and another semi–trailer to create a twin trailer.

PV
prime vertical.

PYL
pylon.