Glossary of Shipping Terms

- A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

RO/RO
A shortening of the term, “Roll On/Roll Off.” A method of ocean cargo service using a vessel with ramps which allows wheeled vehicles to be loaded and discharged without cranes. Also refers to any specialized vessel designed to carry Ro/Ro cargo.

R BN
radiobeacon.

R
end of own ship’s true vector.

R FIX
running fix.

R
Mast radio mast

R
Rankine (temperature); refraction; own

RA
right ascension.

RACON
radar transponder beacon.

RAD
radian(s).

RAG
Top a slang term for an open–top trailer or container with a tarpaulin cover.

RAIL
The amount of money an ocean carrier pays to the railroad for overland carriage.

RAIL GROUNDING
The time that the container was discharged (grounded) from the train.

RAMP RAILROAD
terminal where containers are received or delivered and trains loaded or discharged. Original­ly, trailers moved onto the rearmost flatcar via a ramp and driven into position in a technique known as “circus loading.” Most modern rail facilities use lifting equipment to position containers onto the flatcars.

RAMP–TO–DOOR
a movement where the load initiates at an origin rail ramp and terminates at a consignee’s door.

RAMP–TO–RAMP
movement of equipment from an origin rail ramp to a destination rail ramp only.

RATE BASIS
a formula of the specific factors or elements that control the making of a rate. A rate can be based on any number of factors (i.e., weight, measure, equipment type, package, box, etc.).

RB
relative bearing.

RCC
Rescue Coordination Center.

RDF
radio direction finder, RDF station.

REASONABLENESS
Reasonableness Under ICC and common law, the requirement that a rate not be higher than is necessary to reimburse the carrier for the actual cost of transporting the traffic and allow a fair profit.

REBATE
an illegal form of discounting or refunding that has the net effect of lowering the tariff price. See also Malpractice.

RECEIVED FOR SHIPMENT B/L
Validated at time cargo is received by ocean carrier to com­mence movement but before being validated as “Onboard”.

RECONCILED B/L
B/L set which has completed a prescribed number of edits between the shipper’s instructions and the actual shipment received. This produces a very accurate B/L.

RECONSIGNMENT CHANGING
the consignee or destination on a bill of lading while shipment is still in transit. Diversion has substantially the same meaning.

RECOURSE
a right claim against the guarantors of a loan or draft or bill of exchange.

RED LABEL
a label required on shipments of flammable articles.

REEFER
Refrigerated container.

RELATED POINTS
a group of points to which rates are made the same as or in relation to rates to other points in group.

RELAY
To transfer containers from one ship to another when both vessels are controlled by the same network (carrier) manager.

REMITTANCE
Funds sent by one person to another as payment.

REP.
Rep. reported.

RESTRICTED ARTICLES
Articles handled only under certain conditions.

RESTRICTED:
A condition within the letter of credit which restricts its negotiation to a named bank.

REV.
rev. reversed.

REVENUE TON (RT)
A ton on which the shipment is freighted. If cargo is rated as weight or measure (W/M), whichever produces the highest revenue will be considered the revenue ton. Weights are based on metric tons and measures are based on cubic meters. RT=1 MT or 1 CBM.

REVERSE IPI
An inland point provided by an all–water carrier’s through bill of lading in the U.S. by first discharging the container in an East Coast port.

REVOCABLE
An instrument that can be modified or cancelled at any moment without no­tice to and agreement of the beneficiary, but customarily includes a clause in the credit to the effect that any draft negotiated by a bank prior to the receipt of a notice of revocation or amendment will be honored by the issuing bank. Rarely used since there is no protec­tion for the seller.

REVOLVING
An irrevocable letter issued for a specific amount; renews itself for the same amount over a given period.

RF
RF (rf) radio frequency.

RFP
Request for Proposal

RFQ
Request for quotation.

RK
rock, rocky.

RLG
ring laser gyro.

RM
relative DRM-SRM vector.

RML
relative movement line.

RMS
root mean square.

ROLL TO
re–book cargo to a later vessel.

ROLLING
The side–to–side (athwartship) motion of a vessel.

RORO
roll-on/roll-off.

ROUTE
The manner in which a shipment moves; i.e., the carriers handling it and the points at which the car­riers interchange.

RSS
root sum square.

RTCM
Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services.

RUNNING GEAR
Complementary equipment for terminal and over–the–road handling containers.

RVNX
Abbreviation for “Released Value Not Exceeding.” Usually used to limit the value of goods trans­ported. The limitation refers to carrier liability when paying a claim for lost or damaged goods.

RZN
relative azimuth.