Glossary of Shipping Terms

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TO ORDER
B/L: See Negotiable B/L.

TRAMP LINE
An ocean carrier company operating vessels not on regular runs or schedules. They call at any port where cargo may be available.

T
air temperature correction (altitude); table; temperature; time; toward (altitude intercept); true (direction).

T
dry-bulb temperature; elapsed time; meridian angle.

T'
wet-bulb temperature.

T. &E.
Abbreviation for “Transportation and Exportation.” Customs form used to control cargo movement from port of entry to port of exit, meaning that the cargo is moving from one country, through the United States, to another country.

TAB.
table.

TACT
stands for The Air Cargo Tariff. It is published by IAP — International Airlines Publications, an IATA company.

TAI
TAI International Atomic Time.

TAIL REAR
Tail Rear of a container or trailer–opposite the front or nose.

TAN
tangent.

TARE WEIGHT
Tare Weight in railcar or container shipments, the weight of the empty railcar or empty container.

TARE WEIGHT
The weight of a ULD and tie down materials without the weight of the goods it contains.

TARIFF (TRF.)
a publication setting forth the charges, rates and rules of transportation companies.

TB
true bearing; turning bearing; air temperature atmospheric pressure correction (altitude).

TBN
To Be Nominated (when the name of a ship is still unknown).

TC
true course.

TCA
time of satellite closest approach.

TCHHW
tropic higher high water.

TCHHWI
tropic higher high water interval.

TCHLW
tropic higher low water.

TCLHW
tropic lower high water.

TCLLW
tropic lower low water.

TCLLWI
tropic lower low water interval.

TCPA
time to closest point of approach.

TD
time difference (Loran C).

TEL
telephone; telegraph.

TELEX
Used for sending messages to outside companies. Messages are transmitted via Western Union, ITT and RCA. Being replaced by fax and internet.

TEMPERATURE
a device to record temperature in a container while cargo is en route.

TEMPORARY IMPORTATION
under Bond When an importer makes entry of articles and claimed to be exempt from duty under Chapter 98, Subchapter XIII, Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States, a bond is posted with Customs which guarantees that these items will be exported within a specified time frame (usually within one year from the date of importation). Failure to export these items makes the importer liable for the payment of liquidated damages for breach of the bond conditions.

TENDER
The offer of goods for transportation or the offer to place cars or containers for loading or unload­ing.

TENOR
Time and date for payment of a draft.

TERMINAL
Terminal an assigned area in which containers are prepared for loading into a vessel, train, truck, or airplane or are stacked immediately after discharge from the vessel, train, truck, or airplane.

TERMINAL CHARGE
a charge made for a service performed in a carrier’s terminal area.

TEU
Abbreviation for “Twenty foot Equivalent Unit.”

TG
time difference of groundwaves from master and secondary (slave) stations (Loran).

TGS
time difference of groundwave from master and skywave from secondary (slave) station (Loran).

TH
true heading.

THE GLOBAL MARITIME INTELLIGENCE INTEGRATION PLAN
uses existing capabilities to inte­grate all available intelligence regarding potential threats to U.S. interests in the Maritime Domain.

TERMS OF SALE
The point at which sellers have fulfilled their obligations so the goods in a legal sense could be said to have been delivered to the buyer. They are shorthand expressions that set out the rights and obliga­tions of each party when it comes to transporting the goods. Following, are the thirteen terms of sale in international trade as Terms of Sale reflected in the recent amendment to the International chamber of Commerce Terms of Trade (INCOTERMS), effective July 1990: exw, fca, fas, fob, cfr, cif, cpt, cip, daf, des, deq, ddu and ddp.

THE DOMESTIC OUTREACH PLAN ENGAGES
non–Federal input to assist with the develop­ment and implementation of maritime security policies resulting from National Security Presidential Directive 41/HSPD–13.

THE INTERNATIONAL OUTREACH AND COORDINATION STRATEGY
provides a framework to co­ordinate all maritime security initiatives undertaken with foreign governments and interna­tional organizations, and solicits international support for enhanced maritime security.

THE MARITIME OPERATIONAL THREAT RESPONSE PLAN
facilitates coordinated U.S. govern­ment response to threats against the United States and its interests in the Maritime Do­main by establishing roles and responsibilities, which enable the government to respond quickly and decisively.

THE NATIONAL PLAN TO ACHIEVE MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS
lays the foundation for an effective understanding of anything associated with the Maritime Domain and identify­ing threats as early and as distant from our shores as possible.

THIRD PARTY LOGISTICS (3PL)
a company that provides logistics services to other companies for some or all of their logistics needs. It typically includes warehousing and transportation services. Most 3PL’s also have freight forwarding licenses.

THROUGH RATE
The total rate from the point of origin to final destination.

THROUGHPUT CHARGE
The charge for moving a container through a container yard off or onto a ship.

TIME CHARTER
a contract for leasing between the ship owners and the lessee. It would state, e.g., the duration of the lease in years or voyages.

TIME DRAFT
a draft that matures either a certain number of days after acceptance or a certain number of days after the date of the draft.

TIR
Transport International par la Route. Road transport operating agreement among European governments and the United States for the international movement of cargo by road. Display of the TIR carnet allows sealed container loads to cross national frontiers without inspection.

TK
tank.

TL
Abbreviation for “Trailer Load.”

TMG
track made good.

TOD
time of day (clock).

TOFC
Abbreviation for “Trailer on Flat Car.” The movement of a highway trailer on a railroad flatcar. Also known as Piggyback.

TON–MILE–
A unit used in comparing freight earnings or expenses. The amount earned from the cost of hauling a ton of freight one mile. – The movement of a ton of freight one mile.

TONNAGE
Generally refers to freight handled.

TONNAGE100
Tonnage100 cubic feet.

TOP–AIR
Delivery a type of air circulation in a container. In top air units, air is drawn from the bottom of the container, filtered through the evaporator for cooling and then forced through the ducted passages along the top of the container. This type of airflow requires a special loading pattern.

TOWAGE
The charge made for towing a vessel.

TR
track.

TR
transit; tower.

TRACTOR
Unit of highway motive power used to pull one or more trailers/containers.

TRADE
Acceptance a time or a date draft that has been accepted by the buyer (the drawee) for payment at maturity.

TRAFFIC
Persons and property carried by transport lines.

TRAILER
The truck unit into which freight is loaded as in tractor trailer combination. See Container.

TRANSFERABLE:
A letter of credit that allows the beneficiary to transfer in whole or in part to another beneficiary any amount which, in aggregate, of such transfers does not exceed the amount of the credit. Used by middlemen.

TRANSPORT
To move cargo from one place to another.

TRANSPORTATION & EXIT (T&E)
Allows foreign merchandise arriving at one port to be transported in bond through the U.S. to be exported from another port, without paying duty.

TRANSPORTATION WORKER IDENTIFICATION CREDENTIAL (TWIC)
Established by Congress through the Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) and is adminis­tered by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and U.S. Coast Guard. TWICs are tamper–resistant biometric credentials that will be issued to all credentialed merchant mariners and to workers who require unescorted access to secure areas of ports, vessels or outer continental shelf facilities.

TRANSSHIP
To transfer goods from one transportation line to another, or from one ship to another.

TRANSSHIPMENT PORT
Place where cargo is transferred to another carrier.

TRANSSHIPMENT
refers to the act of sending an exported product through an intermediate country before routing it to the country intended to be its final destination.

TRUST RECEIPT
Release of merchandise by a bank to a buyer while the bank retains title to the merchandise. The goods are usually obtained for manufacturing or sales purposes. The buyer is obligated to maintain the goods (or the proceeds from their sales) distinct from the remainder of the assets and to hold them ready for repossession by the bank.

TS
time difference of skywaves from master and secondary (slave) stations (Loran).

TSG
time difference of skywave from master and groundwave from secondary (slave) station (Loran).

TSS
traffic separation scheme.

TURNAROUND
Turnaround In water transportation, the time it takes between the arrival of a vessel and its departure.

TWIST LOCK
a set of four twistable bayonet type shear keys used as part of a spreader to pick up a container or as part of a chassis to secure the containers.

TWO–WAY PALLET
a pallet so designed that the forks of a fork lift truck can be ;INSERTed from two sides only.

TZN
true azimuth.