Glossary of Shipping Terms

- A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

H
h altitude (astronomical); height above sea level; hours.

H.W.F.&C.
high water full and change

HA
apparent altitude.

HOUSE–TO–PIER
Cargo loaded into a container by the shipper under shipper’s supervision. When the cargo is exported, it is unloaded at the foreign pier destination.

HP
horizontal parallax.

HP
precomputed altitude.

HP
stg c heading per steering compass.

HPGC
heading per gyrocompass.

HPSC
heading per standard compass.

HAGUE
The a multilateral maritime treaty adopted in 1921 (at The Hague, Netherlands). Standardizes liability of an international carrier under the Ocean B/L. Establishes a legal “floor” for B/L. See COGSA

HANDYMAX VESSEL
A dry bulk vessel of 35,000 to 49,000dwt. (Note that a “Handy” dry bulk carrier is from 10,000 to 34,000dwt.) A “Handymax Tanker” is a liquid bulk carrier of 10,000 to 60,000dwt.

HARBOR
Any place to which ships may resort for shelter, or to load or unload passengers or goods, or to ob­tain fuel, water, or supplies. This term applies to such places whether proclaimed public or not and whether natural or artificial.

HARBOR MASTER
An official responsible for construction, maintenance, operation, regulation, enforcement, administra­tion and management pertaining to marinas, ports and harbors.

HARMONIZED SYSTEM OF CODES (HS)
An international goods classification system for describing cargo in international trade under a single commodity–coding scheme. Developed under the auspices of the Customs Cooperations Council (CCC), an international Customs organization in Brussels, this code is a hierarchically structured prod­uct nomenclature containing approximately 5,000 headings and subheadings. It is organized into 99 chapters arranged in 22 sections. Sections encompass an industry (e.g., Section XI, Textiles and Textile Articles); chapters encompass the various materials and products of the indus­try (e.g., Chapter 50, Silk; Chapter 55, Manmade Staple Fibers; Chapter 57, Carpets).The basic code contains four–digit headings and six–digit subheadings. Many countries add digits for Customs tariff and statistical purposes. In the United States, duty rates will be the eight–digit level; statistical suffixes will be at the ten–digit level. The Harmonized System (HS) is the current U.S. tariff schedule (TSUSA) for imports and is the basis for the ten–digit Schedule B export code.

HARMONIZED SYSTEM
The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (or Harmonized System, HS) is a system for classifying goods in international trade, developed under the auspices of the Customs Cooperation Council. Beginning on January 1, 1989, the new HS numbers replaced previously adhered-to schedules in over 50 countries, including the United States.

HATCH
The opening in the deck of a vessel; gives access to the cargo hold.

HAWB
House Air waybill issued by carrying airlines’ agent, normally freight forwarder.

HAZ
An industry abbreviation for “Hazardous Material.”53

HC
computed altitude.

HDG.
heading.

HE
heeling error; height of eye.

HEAVY–LIFT
Charge A charge made for lifting articles too heavy to be lifted by a ship’s normal tackle.

HF
height above sea level in feet.

HF
high frequency.

HHW
higher high water.

HHWI
higher high water interval.

HIGH–DENSITY COMPRESSION
Compression of a flat or standard bale of cotton to approximately 32 pounds per cubic foot. Usually applies to cotton exported or shipped coastwise.

HITCHMENT B/L
B/L covering parts of a shipment which are loaded at more than one location. Hitchment B/L usually consists of two parts, hitchment and hitchment memo. The hitchment portion usually covers the majority of a divided shipment and carries the entire revenue.

HK
hulk.

HLW
higher low water.

HLWI
higher low water interval.

HM
height above sea level in meters.

HO
observed altitude.

HOPPER BARGE
a barge which loads material dumped into it by a dredger and discharges the cargo through the bot­tom.

HOR CL
horizontal clearance.

HOR
horizontal.

HOUSE B/L
B/L issued by a freight forwarder or consolidator covering a single shipment containing the names, addresses and specific description of the goods shipped.

HOUSE–TO–HOUSE
See Door–to–Door.

HITCHMENT
The marrying of two or more portions of one shipment that originate at different locations, mov­ing under one bill of lading, from one shipper to one consignee. Authority for this service must be granted by tariff publication. See Bill of Lading.

HR
rectified (apparent) altitude.

HR.
hour, hrs., hours.

HS
sextant altitude.

HSD
high speed data.

HT
tabulated altitude.

HUMPING
The process of connecting a moving rail car with a motionless rail car within a rail classification yard in order to make up a train. The cars move by gravity from an incline or “hump” onto the appropriate track.

HW
high water.

HWI
high water interval, mean high water lunitidal interval.

HWQ
tropic high water inequality.

HZ
Hertz.