Glossary of Shipping Terms

- A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

N
natural (trigonometric function).

N
north; nun

N. MI.
nautical mile(s).

N.C.I.T.D.
National Committee on International Trade Documentation.

N.M.F.C.
National Motor Freight Classification.

N.P.C.F.B.
North Pacific Coast Freight Bureau.

NA
nadir.

NAD
North American Datum.

NASA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR MARITIME SECURITY
In December 2004 the President directed the Secretaries of the Department of Defense and Home­land Security to lead the Federal effort to develop a comprehensive National Strategy for Maritime Security, to better integrate and synchronize the existing Department–level strategies and ensure their effective and efficient implementation. The strategy includes eight supporting plans to address the specific threats and challenges of the maritime environment and combined they present a compre­hensive national effort to promote global economic stability and protect legitimate activities while preventing hostile or illegal acts within the maritime domain.

NAUTICAL MILE DISTANCE
of one minute of longitude at the equator, approximately 6,076.115. The metric equivalent is 1852.

NAUTO
nautophone.

NAVAL COOPERATION AND GUIDANCE FOR SHIPPING (NCAGS)
It is a naval organization with members who are trained to establish and provide advice for safe pas­sage of merchant ships worldwide, during times of peace, tension, crisis and war. NCAGS personnel act as a liaison between military commanders and the civil authorities. During war, the NCAGS orga­nization may be responsible for establishing a convoy.

NAVSAT
Navy Navigation Satellite System.

NAVSSI
navigation sensor system interface.

NBDP
narrow band direct printing.

NBS
National Bureau of Standards.

NCB
National Cargo Bureau, established in 1952 as a non-profit marine surveying organization that in­spects and surveys ships and cargoes incidental to loading and discharging. It issues certificates as evidence of compliance with the provisions of the Dangerous Cargo Act and the Rules and Regula­tions for Bulk Grain Cargo.

NCS
network coordination station.

NEC
Abbreviation for “Not Elsewhere Classified.”

NES
Abbreviation for “Not Elsewhere Specified.”

NESS
National Earth Satellite Service.

NESTED ARTICLES
packed so that one rests partially or entirely within another, thereby reducing the cubic–foot displacement.

NET TARE WEIGHT
The weight of an empty cargo–carrying piece of equipment plus any fixtures permanently attached.

NEGOTIABLE B/L
The B/L is a title document to the goods, issued “to the order of” a party, usually the shipper, whose endorsement is required to effect is negotiation. Thus, a shipper’s order (negotiable) B/L can be bought, sold, or traded while goods are in transit and is commonly used for letter–of–credit transactions. The buyer must submit the origi­nal B/L to the carrier in order to take possession of the goods.

NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
a document of title (such as a draft, promissory note, check, or bill of lading) transferable from one person to another in good faith for a consideration. Non–negotiable bills of lading are known as “straight consignment.” Negotiable bills are known as “order b/l’s.”

NET TONNAGE (NT)
The replacement, since 1994, for “Net Register Tonnage.” Theoretically the cargo capacity of the ship. Sometimes used to charge fees or taxes on a vessel. The formula is (0.2+0.02 log10 (Vc)) Vc (4d/3D)2, for passenger ships the following formula is added: 1.25 (GT+10000)/10000 (N1+(N2/10)), where Vc is the volume of cargo holds, D is the distance between ship’s bottom and the uppermost deck, d is the draught, N1 is the number of cabin passengers, and N2 is the number of deck passen­gers.) “Ton” is figured as a 100 cubic foot ton. An approximate conversion ratio is 1NT = 1.7GT and 1GT = 1.5DWT.

NET WEIGHT
Weight of the goods alone without any immediate wrappings, e.g., the weight of the contents of a tin can without the weight of the can.

NEUTRAL BODY
An organization established by the members of an ocean conference acts as a self–policing force with broad authority to investigate tariff violations, including authority to scrutinize all documents kept by the carriers and their personnel. Violations are reported to the membership and significant penalties are assessed.

NGVD
National Geodetic Vertical Datum.

NIPPON KAIJI KYOKAI (NK)
A Japanese classification society which certifies seagoing vessels for compliance to standardized rules regarding construction and maintenance.

NLT
not less than (used with danger bearing).

NM
nautical mile, miles; notice to mariners.

NMEA
National Marine Electronics Association.

NMT
not more than (used with danger bearing).

NNSS
Navy Navigation Satellite System.

NOAA
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

NOI
Abbreviation for “Not Otherwise Indexed.”

NOIBN
Abbreviation for “Not Otherwise Indexed By Name.”

NOMENCLATURE OF THE CUSTOMS COOPERATION COUNCIL
the Customs tariff used by most countries worldwide. It was formerly known as the Brussels Tariff Nomenclature and is the basis of the commodity coding system known as the Harmonized System.

NON-CUMULATIVE:
A revolving letter of credit that prohibits the amount not used during the specific period from being available afterwards.

NON–DUMPING CERTIFICATE REQUIRED
by some countries for protection against the dumping of certain types of merchandise or products.

NON–NEGOTIABLE B/L
See Straight B/L. Sometimes means a file copy of a B/L.

NON–VESSEL OPERATING COMMON CARRIER (NVOCC)
a cargo consolidator in ocean trades who will buy space from a carrier and sub–sell it to smaller ship­pers. The NVOCC issues bills of lading, publishes tariffs and otherwise conducts itself as an ocean common carrier, except that it will not provide the actual ocean or intermodal service.

NOR NOTICE OF READINESS
(when the ship is ready to load.)

NOS
Abbreviation for “Not Otherwise Specified.”

NOS
National Ocean Service.

NOSE FRONT
of a container or trailer–opposite the tail.

NO–SHOW CARGO
which has been booked but does not arrive in time to be loaded before the vessel sails. See also “Windy Booking.”

NRML
new relative movement line.

NRT
Net Register Tons see “Net Tonnage” Theoretically the cargo capacity of the ship. Sometimes used to charge fees or taxes on a vessel.

NTM
notice to mariners.

NVD
No Value Declared.

NWS
National Weather Service.